Western Asia

One of Karl Ernst Osthaus’s most commendable achievements is his early interest in the art of the Orient. In 1898/99, he travelled through the countries of the then Osman Empire, where he bought works of all genres and from all epochs for an envisaged Islamic museum. The acquisitions originated from galleries and art and antiques dealers, but also from private owners who, as businessmen or diplomats, sold select items. Highly valuable examples of Persian art found in art markets of Munich and Paris were quickly added to the collection. The inventory of western asian art was so considerable that Osthaus became the most important private lender for the exhibition Meisterwerke muhammedanischer Kunst (Masterworks of Muhammadan art) held in Munich in 1910.
After 1922, the collection of art from Western Asia was only substantially expanded again in the 1950s and 1960s. In the case of all these objects numbering more than a hundred, the original circumstances of acquisition or their exact provenance still remain unclear.

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Armenia
Lion, undated
Brass
Acquired 1899 for the Museum Folkwang, Hagen, since 1922 Essen

Iran
Bowl, 1st half 14th century
Brass, engraved, damascened with gold
Acquired before 1904 for the Museum Folkwang, Hagen, since 1922 Essen

Syria
Medical Bowl, 13th/14th century
Magic bowl, in the middle a flattened hump with six-pointed, entangled star, framed by inscription cartridges and inscriptional friezes
Brass, engraved
Acquired before 1910 for the Museum Folkwang, Hagen, since 1922 Essen

Iran
Bottle, undated
Translucent glass
Acquired before 1910 for the Museum Folkwang, Hagen, since 1922 Essen

Iraq or Iran
Bottle, 9th–10th century
Colorless glass with iridescence, shape blown, grooves around the body, on the neck faceted decoration
Acquired before 1910 for the Museum Folkwang, Hagen, since 1922 Essen

Turkey
Plate, second half 16th century
Quartz stonepaste, hard and white, underglaze painting in bolus red, cobalt blue and green, transparent glaze
Acquired before 1910 for the Museum Folkwang, Hagen, since 1922 Essen

South of Russia (Caucasus)
Bottle, undated
Fired clay, flat and round, turquoise blue glaze with ornamental lines
Acquired before 1922 for the Museum Folkwang

Europe or Asia?, The Balkans or Orient?
Belt-Clasp, Two-Part, undated
Six three-petal flowers around a central six-petaled rosette
Copper alloy
Acquired before 1922 for the Museum Folkwang

Asia (Middle East?)
Relief, undated
Plant motifs under arches emanating from a pillar
Marble
Acquired before 1922 for the Museum Folkwang

Iran
Tile, first quarter 17th century
Part of a tile panel
Quartz stonepaste, cuerda seca technique, soft, pale yellowish stonepaste, white and polychrome tin glaze
Acquired before 1922 for the Museum Folkwang

Turkey
Border Tile, ca. 1575
Section of a continuous flower tendril on a light-blue ground, bordered by turquoise-blue stripes
Quartz fritware, white and sandy, underglaze decoration
Acquired before 1922 for the Museum Folkwang

Turkey
Tomb Stela from Aspendos, undated
Marble
Acquired before 1922 for the Museum Folkwang

Middle East
Miniature Jug, 4th–5th century
Pale green glass, free-blown
Acquired before1922 for the Museum Folkwang, Hagen, since 1922 Essen

Middle East
Unguentarium, 4th century
Pale green glass
Acquired before 1922 for the Museum Folkwang, Hagen, since 1922 Essen

Middle East
Flask, 4th–5th century
Colorless glass, blown into one-piece, ribbed mold
Acquired before 1922 for the Museum Folkwang, Hagen, since 1922 Essen

Turkey
Earrings, Enamelling and Pearls, undated
Brass, pearls, enamel, silver, fibers
Acquired before 1922 for the Museum Folkwang

Turkey
Earrings, undated
Gold, enamel, pearls
Acquired before 1922 for the Museum Folkwang

Turkey
Earrings, Gold with Cloisonné and Pearls, undated
Gold, enamel, pearls
Acquired before 1922 for the Museum Folkwang

Syria
Bowl, 13th century
Clay, pale, slightly grey fired earthenware, underglaze-painted in black, turquoise green lead glaze
Acquired before 1922 for the Museum Folkwang

Iran
Ibex, undated
Bronze
Acquired 1927 for the Museum Folkwang

Iran, Luristan (Persia)
Eagle, undated
Bronze
Acquired 1956 for the Museum Folkwang

Iran, Luristan (Persia)
Ibex, Amulet against the Evil Eye, undated
Bronze
Acquired 1955 for the Museum Folkwang

Iran
Star-Shaped Tile, ca. 1210
Quartz fritware with luster glaze
Acquired 1956 for the Museum Folkwang

Iran, Nishapur (Persia, Northeast-Iran)
Bowl, 11th century
Ceramic with fan-shaped ornamentation
Acquired 1961 for the Museum Folkwang

Iran
Askos in Shape of a Horse (?) with Rider, 9th–8th century BC
Ritual Pouring vessel, fired clay
Acquired 1963 for the Museum Folkwang

Iran
Large Goblet with animal representations, Susa I, ca. 3200 BC
Fired clay, painted
Acquired 1963 for the Museum Folkwang

Turkey
Jar, 1st–2nd Century
Clear glass, slightly blue tan, streaks, free-blown
Acquired 1963 for the Museum Folkwang

Syria (North)
Bearded man (Rider?), 2nd millennium BC?
Clay, pale yellowish fired earthenware with black aggregate material
Acquired 1966 for the Museum Folkwang

Syria (North)
Statuette, 2nd millennium BC?
Horse and rider, clay, pale yellowish fired earthenware with black aggregate material
Acquired 1966 for the Museum Folkwang

Asia (?)
Hand, Anatomical Fragment, undated
White marble
Year of acquisition and acquisition unknown, possibly 1928

Photos: Museum Folkwang und Hans Hansen, 2009-2018