Cybernetic Systems

In the 1950s the, “assembled human” is joined by the “cybernetic human”, which orientates itself towards control ircuits and circular systems. Cybernetics conceives organisms and machines as well as societies and networks as self-regulating, self-controlling and self-communicating factors. It is initially a question of the development of adaptive machines that react to stimuli from their environment. This model is then transferred to other systems, such as the economy, biology or psychology. In the background: the vision of humans that are networked with one another, which is also intended to result in their technical perfection. The notion of feedback loops supersedes that of relationships between cause and effect. Beginning in the 1960s, the idea of dynamic feedback also has a substantial influence on performance art.

Nicolas Schöffer
Astronomie 1–4 (Film stills), 1968
Collection Eléonore de Lavandeyra Schöffer
© VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019