In his Manifesto of Futurism of 1909, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti leaves no doubt about the fact that new art is to be technical. “A racing car whose hood is adorned with great pipes” is more beautiful than the Nike of Samothrace, and even war is art. Futurism celebrates speed, Velocity and acceleration as modern forms of expression. The achievements of technology become models for a new type of art. In view of this glorification of Technology and war, Futurism’s later solidarity with Italian fascism comes as no surprise. However, the material battles of the First World War are also reflected on critically. Otto Dix transforms gruesome day-to-day life on the front into oppressive scenarios. Technology shows its Janus face at the latest in times of war.