MUSEUM FOLKWANG, ESSEN
Acquisition of the Folkwang Collection by a consortium of companies and private individuals from Essen and the Ruhr area; founding of Folkwang-Museumsverein e.V. (Folkwang museum association). The Folkwang-Museumsverein signs a contract, still valid today, with the City of Essen concerning the shared ownership and support of the museum.
On 29 October the Folkwang, merged with the municipal art museum in Essen, opens as the ‘Museum Folkwang Essen’.
Essener Kunstverein is renamed Kunstverein Folkwang (later Kunstring Folkwang).
Planning of an extension by the architect Edmund Körner; start of construction work.
Completion of construction work; reopening of Museum Folkwang.
The National Socialist city government under Theodor Reismann-Grone forces the museum management to end its commitment to modern and contemporary art. Kampfbund für deutsche Kultur (combat league for German culture) demands Gosebruch’s dismissal. In late summer, Gosebruch resigns due to political pressure.
The National Socialist Klaus Graf von Baudissin (1891–1961) is appointed director against resistance from the Folkwang-Museumsverein.
Graf Baudissin sells the painting Improvisation by Wassily Kandinsky, acquired in 1912, as “work of degenerate art.”
More than 1,400 works are confiscated from the museum by the National Socialists as part of the campaign against Degenerate art. Graf Baudissin moves to the Reich Ministry of Science, Education and Culture in Berlin; he is suspended as museum director in 1938.
Heinz Köhn (1901–1962) takes over as head of the museum.
The collection is moved to safety.
Parts of the museum buildings are destroyed in air raids over Essen.
Decision of the Board of Trustees to reconstruct the museum; exhibition of selected works in Schloss Hugenpoet (Essen-Kettwig).
Paul Vogt (1926–2017) becomes assistant at Museum Folkwang.
The architects Werner Kreutzberger, Erich Hösterey and Horst Loy plan a new building. 1956 Start of construction work.
Start of construction work.
Opening of the new museum building.
Paul Vogt is appointed museum director. Vogt further expands the collection with important acquisitions of North-American art, including works by Barnett Newman, Mark Rothko, Jackson Pollock, Ad Reinhardt, and Frank Stella.
Gerry Schum sets up the museum’s own video studio (in operation until 1994).
Founding of the German Poster Museum.
Resolution by the City of Essen to construct a museum centre incorporating the museum building from 1956/60; planning of the new building by the architects Kiemle, Kreidt und Partner and Allerkamp, Niehaus, Skonia.
The Photographic Collection, founded by Otto Steinert at the Folkwangschule für Gestaltung in Essen-Werden in 1958, is integrated into the Museum Folkwang as a separate department under the direction of Ute Eskildsen.
Opening of the museum centre with Museum Folkwang and Ruhrlandmuseum.
First major special exhibition on classic modernism showing works by Edvard Munch.
Georg W. Költzsch (1938–2005) is appointed museum director.
Hubertus Gassner is appointed museum director.
Hartwig Fischer is appointed museum director. The Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung, chaired by Berthold Beitz, agrees to finance a new building for Museum Folkwang.
David Chipperfield wins the first prize in an international architectural design competition. Start of construction work.
The German Poster Museum is integrated into Museum Folkwang.
Inauguration of the new building on 28 January; the exhibition bearing the title The Most Beautiful Museum in the World. Museum Folkwang until 1933 is shown.
Tobia Bezzola is appointed museum director.
The Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Foundation offers all visitors free admission to the collection.
Peter Gorschlüter is appointed museum director.
The City of Essen and the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung agree to maintain free admission to the collection on a permanent basis.
The German Section of AICA awards the Museum Folkwang the title "Museum of the Year" (2019).
The Museum Folkwang celebrates its 100th anniversary at the Essen location.